Canons 99 & 100

Canon 99

In the Church, besides physical persons, there are also moral persons, established by public authority, that are distinguished as collegial moral persons and non-collegial ones, such as Churches, seminaries, benefices, and so on.

Canon 100

§1. The Catholic Church and the Apostolic See have moral personality by reason of divine ordinance; other inferior moral persons in the Church arise in her either by prescription of the law itself or by special concession of the competent ecclesiastical Superior granted by formal decree for a religious or charitable purpose.

§2. Collegial moral persons cannot be constituted unless they exist of at least three moral persons.

§3. Moral persons, whether collegial or non-collegial, are considered minors.